|Company||Pacific Rail Road (of Missouri)|
|Certificate Type||Capita Stock
|Date Issued||March 9, 1875
|Printer||Henry Seibert & Bros.
11 1/2" (w) by 7" (h)
||Show the exact certificate you will receive|
The Pacific Railroad (of Missouri) was chartered on March 12, 1849, to build from St. Louis to the western boundary of Missouri. Construction began in 1851 and the initial five miles between St. Louis and Cheltenham opened on December 9, 1852, making it the first railroad to operate west of the Mississippi River. Sedalia, 188 miles west of St. Louis, was reached in early 1861, and the line opened through to Kansas City in 1865. Additional construction followed.
In 1876 the company was reorganized as the Missouri Pacific Railway Company.
Jay Gould obtained control of the Missouri Pacific on 1879 and it became a key element of his vast empire. Gould's fortune quickly changed and all of his lines (including the Missouri Pacific) went into receivership.
The line emerged from receivership in 1889 relatively unscathed with the International and Great Northern and the Texas and Pacific added to it. The name Missouri Pacific Railroad was assumed in 1917, after a reorganization that included the absorption of the bankrupt Iron Mountain Line. The line affectionately became known as the “MOP”; The MOP was the first line to use the 4-6-2 Pacific engine. Built in 1902 as a successor to the 2-6-2 Prairie and the 2-4-2 that preceded the Atlantic (both of which proved unstable at high speeds), the Pacific was actually named after the MOP.
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