J. C. Penney Company, Inc.
J. C. Penney Company, Inc.
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|Company||J. C. Penney Company, Inc.
|Certificate Type||Sinking Fund Debenture Bond
|Date Issued||May 31, 1977 (purple)
September 1, 1978 (red)
|Printer||American Bank Note Company
12" (w) by 8" (h)
||Show the exact certificate you will receive|
Many courtesies that today's customers expect from a retail store such as money-back returns, standardized pricing, high quality merchandise, and friendly customer service simply were not widely practiced when Mr. James Cash Penney opened his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming, in 1902. In those days, many merchants operated their businesses under the motto "caveat emptor" - let the buyer beware! Customers had to be on their guard against shoddy merchandise, fraudulent claims about quality, deceptive dual pricing systems, highly discriminatory sales practices, and rude, uncaring sales people.
By 1913, Penney had grown his store into a chain of 36 locations, and incorporated the company in Utah as the JC Penney Company.
By the end of 1920, the chain totaled 312 stores in 26 states. The company purchased the Crescent Corset Company, its first wholly owned subsidiary. It manufactured more than 500 styles of women’s lingerie exclusively for Penney stores. They were marketed under the name Lady Lyke, then Adonna.
In 1924, JC Penney opened its 500th store in Penney’s hometown of Hamilton, Missouri. The acquired store was the one in which Penney, age 19, got his first job in retailing in 1895.
On October 23, 1929 JCPenney common and preferred stocks were listed on the New York Stock Exchange for the first time. Six days later the stock market crashed on Black Tuesday.
In 1940, a young Sam Walton begins working in the Des Moines, Iowa store. Eighteen months later he was called up for military service. After the war, he did not return to JCPenney, but launched out on his own, ultimately founding Wal-Mart. He, however, retained a high regard for JCPenney. He adopted many JCPenney strategies, like building stores in small-town America. In his autobiography he called JCPenney "the Cadillac of the industry."
In 1953, as the Cold War and the nuclear threat intensified, more than 50 mannequins wearing JCPenney clothes were exposed to an atomic blast at Yucca Flat, Nevada. They were then displayed at stores nationwide to show shoppers what type of clothing offers the best protection to a blast.
The famous JC Penney catalog was introduced in 1963, and by 1979 catalog sales exceed $1 billion.
In 1996, the Company acquired several drugstore chains: Fay, Kerr, and several Rite Aid stores. This acquisition momentum climaxes with acquisition of the Eckerd Corporation in November. All were merged with Thrift Drug to create one of the nation's premier drug store businesses, with over 2,800 stores. Penney’s exited the drugstore business in 2004, selling all of its Eckard’s assets.
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