{"id":7057108959391,"title":"Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company (Signed by Orland Smith)","handle":"fairmont-morgantown-and-pittsburgh-railroad-company","description":"\u003cdiv\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch5\u003eProduct Details\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eBeautifully engraved antique bond certificate from the Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company dating back to the 1890's. This document, which is signed by the company President and Secretary, was printed by the Homer Lee Bank Note Company, and measures approximately 9 3\/4\" (w) by 14 1\/2\" (h).\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe vignette features a train steaming past another. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch5 style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003eImages\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cdiv style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003eThe images presented are representative of the piece(s) you will receive. When representative images are presented for one of our offerings, you will receive a certificate in similar condition as the one pictured; however dating, denomination, certificate number and issuance details may vary.\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch5\u003e\u003cspan\u003eHistorical Context\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company was incorporated in \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/west-virginia\"\u003eWest Virginia\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e on December 10, 1883 to construct a \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/railroad\"\u003erailroad\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e from Morgantown.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe railroad, apparently backed from the start by the \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/baltimore-and-ohio-railroad\"\u003eBaltimore \u0026amp; Ohio Railroad\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e (B\u0026amp;O), was created to extend the B\u0026amp;O's line from Fairmont to Morgantown, and also to connect with the B\u0026amp;O line at Uniontown, \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/pennsylvania\"\u003ePennsylvania\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e. Construction of the route was delayed by legal disagreements with the West Virginia \u0026amp; Pittsburgh Railroad over right of way rights -- in 1884 at Fairmont, and later at Point Marion and along the Cheat River, where there was room for only one railroad.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe railroad line was finally opened to South Morgantown by January 30, 1886, and to Morgantown a few days later, but by this time the railroad was operated and controlled by the B\u0026amp;O. The extension of the railroad from Morgantown to Uniontown, on which grading began in the spring of 1892, was practically completed early in 1894; and after some delay occasioned by the bridge across Cheat River at Point Mason, was opened to traffic the following summer -- soon resulting in the opening of many new \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/coal-mining\"\u003ecoal mining\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e operations in the Fairmont Coal Field and Monongalia County.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch5\u003e\u003cspan\u003eOrland Smith\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cp style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp style=\"text-align: center;\"\u003e\u003cimg src=\"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/files\/709sign_480x480.png?v=1631129508\" alt=\"\" data-mce-fragment=\"1\" data-mce-src=\"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/files\/709sign_480x480.png?v=1631129508\"\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp style=\"text-align: center;\"\u003e\u003cem\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eOrland Smith's Signature on Verso\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/em\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/orland-smith\"\u003eOrland Smith\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e (May 2, 1825 – October 3, 1903) was a railroad executive and a brigade commander in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1864, he led a spirited bayonet charge during the Battle of Wauhatchie that took a significant Confederate position on a hill that now bears his name.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSmith was born in New England in Lewiston, \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/maine\"\u003eMaine\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e. He was educated in the local schools and became a railroad agent, serving as station manager at Lewiston until 1852 when he moved to Ohio. He became an official of the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad and settled in Chillicothe, Ohio. When the railroad fell into financial difficulties, he was appointed receiver. Smith was a lieutenant and commander of a militia company known as the \"Chillicothe Greys.\"\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003e\u003cimg height=\"310\" width=\"231\" style=\"margin-top: 5px; margin-right: 25px; margin-bottom: 20px; float: left;\" alt=\"\" src=\"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/files\/ORLANDSMITH.png?v=1598722930\"\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the outbreak of the Civil War, Smith joined the Union army and became the colonel of the 73rd Ohio Infantry, a regiment that was raised in Chillicothe in November 1861 and trained at nearby Camp Logan. Among his volunteer soldiers was Pvt. George Nixon III, the great-grandfather of future President Richard Nixon. Smith and his regiment saw action in western \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/virginia\"\u003eVirginia\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e, fighting at the Battle of McDowell and the Battle of Cross Keys. During the late summer, as a part of the Army of Virginia, the 73rd OVI fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSmith assumed brigade command in the XI Corps on October 25, 1862, but he did not participate in the Battle of Chancellorsville. He returned to his command shortly before the Gettysburg Campaign, after Brig. Gen. Francis C. Barlow, who had led the brigade at Chancellorsville, was given command of the 1st Division on May 24, 1863. Smith's men held Cemetery Hill on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg at the orders of MG Oliver O. Howard, and provided an anchor for the retreating Federal soldiers. On the second day, three of Smith's regiments were engaged in heavy skirmishing in front of Cemetery Hill, and the 33rd \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/massachusetts\"\u003eMassachusetts\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e, deployed between East Cemetery Hill and a knoll on the McKnight farm, helped repulse an evening attack by Col. Isaac E. Avery's North Carolina brigade.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSmith's Brigade was sent to the Western Theater in the autumn of 1863 along with the rest of the XI Corps. During the Chattanooga Campaign, Smith led his brigade in the Army of the Cumberland in a successful bayonet assault up a steep hill that now bears his name (Smith's Hill) during the Battle of Wauhatchie. In the army reorganization later that year, his brigade was disbanded and Smith returned on January 3, 1864 to the command of the 73rd OVI. He resigned his colonelcy on February 17, 1864. In the omnibus promotions at the close of the Civil War, Smith was appointed a brevet brigadier general dating from March 13, 1865.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eAfter the war, he returned to his career as a railroad officer and became President of the Cincinnati, Washington and Baltimore Railroad and later, First Vice President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. From 1884 to 1899 he was President of the Columbus and Cincinnati Midland Railroad.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSmith died in \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/chicago-illinois\"\u003eChicago, Illinois\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e. He is buried in Green Lawn Cemetery in \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/columbus-ohio\"\u003eColumbus, Ohio\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e.\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2021-09-08T15:32:47-04:00","created_at":"2021-09-08T15:17:38-04:00","vendor":"Ghosts of Wall Street","type":"Bond Certificates","tags":["1890s","Autographs","Baltimore and Ohio Railroad","Date_1890s","Fairmont","Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad","Orland Smith","Pennsylvania","Pittsburgh","Price_$20 - $49.99","Railroad","Region_East","West Virginia"],"price":2500,"price_min":2500,"price_max":2500,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":41005408387231,"title":"Default Title","option1":"Default Title","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"709","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":null,"available":true,"name":"Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company (Signed by Orland Smith)","public_title":null,"options":["Default Title"],"price":2500,"weight":7,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_management":"shopify","barcode":"","requires_selling_plan":false,"selling_plan_allocations":[]}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709.png?v=1631129130","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709vign.png?v=1631129136"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709.png?v=1631129130","options":["Title"],"media":[{"alt":"Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company Bond Certificate","id":23146780360863,"position":1,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":0.661,"height":1815,"width":1200,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709.png?v=1631129113"},"aspect_ratio":0.661,"height":1815,"media_type":"image","src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709.png?v=1631129113","width":1200},{"alt":"Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company Bond Certificate","id":23146780393631,"position":2,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":1.606,"height":774,"width":1243,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709vign.png?v=1631129113"},"aspect_ratio":1.606,"height":774,"media_type":"image","src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/products\/709vign.png?v=1631129113","width":1243}],"requires_selling_plan":false,"selling_plan_groups":[],"content":"\u003cdiv\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch5\u003eProduct Details\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eBeautifully engraved antique bond certificate from the Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company dating back to the 1890's. This document, which is signed by the company President and Secretary, was printed by the Homer Lee Bank Note Company, and measures approximately 9 3\/4\" (w) by 14 1\/2\" (h).\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe vignette features a train steaming past another. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch5 style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003eImages\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cdiv style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003eThe images presented are representative of the piece(s) you will receive. When representative images are presented for one of our offerings, you will receive a certificate in similar condition as the one pictured; however dating, denomination, certificate number and issuance details may vary.\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch5\u003e\u003cspan\u003eHistorical Context\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company was incorporated in \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/west-virginia\"\u003eWest Virginia\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e on December 10, 1883 to construct a \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/railroad\"\u003erailroad\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e from Morgantown.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe railroad, apparently backed from the start by the \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/baltimore-and-ohio-railroad\"\u003eBaltimore \u0026amp; Ohio Railroad\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e (B\u0026amp;O), was created to extend the B\u0026amp;O's line from Fairmont to Morgantown, and also to connect with the B\u0026amp;O line at Uniontown, \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/pennsylvania\"\u003ePennsylvania\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e. Construction of the route was delayed by legal disagreements with the West Virginia \u0026amp; Pittsburgh Railroad over right of way rights -- in 1884 at Fairmont, and later at Point Marion and along the Cheat River, where there was room for only one railroad.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe railroad line was finally opened to South Morgantown by January 30, 1886, and to Morgantown a few days later, but by this time the railroad was operated and controlled by the B\u0026amp;O. The extension of the railroad from Morgantown to Uniontown, on which grading began in the spring of 1892, was practically completed early in 1894; and after some delay occasioned by the bridge across Cheat River at Point Mason, was opened to traffic the following summer -- soon resulting in the opening of many new \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/coal-mining\"\u003ecoal mining\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e operations in the Fairmont Coal Field and Monongalia County.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch5\u003e\u003cspan\u003eOrland Smith\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h5\u003e\n\u003cp style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp style=\"text-align: center;\"\u003e\u003cimg src=\"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/files\/709sign_480x480.png?v=1631129508\" alt=\"\" data-mce-fragment=\"1\" data-mce-src=\"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/files\/709sign_480x480.png?v=1631129508\"\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp style=\"text-align: center;\"\u003e\u003cem\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eOrland Smith's Signature on Verso\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/em\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/orland-smith\"\u003eOrland Smith\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e (May 2, 1825 – October 3, 1903) was a railroad executive and a brigade commander in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1864, he led a spirited bayonet charge during the Battle of Wauhatchie that took a significant Confederate position on a hill that now bears his name.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSmith was born in New England in Lewiston, \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/maine\"\u003eMaine\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e. He was educated in the local schools and became a railroad agent, serving as station manager at Lewiston until 1852 when he moved to Ohio. He became an official of the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad and settled in Chillicothe, Ohio. When the railroad fell into financial difficulties, he was appointed receiver. Smith was a lieutenant and commander of a militia company known as the \"Chillicothe Greys.\"\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv style=\"text-align: left;\"\u003e\u003cimg height=\"310\" width=\"231\" style=\"margin-top: 5px; margin-right: 25px; margin-bottom: 20px; float: left;\" alt=\"\" src=\"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0055\/6253\/1904\/files\/ORLANDSMITH.png?v=1598722930\"\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the outbreak of the Civil War, Smith joined the Union army and became the colonel of the 73rd Ohio Infantry, a regiment that was raised in Chillicothe in November 1861 and trained at nearby Camp Logan. Among his volunteer soldiers was Pvt. George Nixon III, the great-grandfather of future President Richard Nixon. Smith and his regiment saw action in western \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/virginia\"\u003eVirginia\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e, fighting at the Battle of McDowell and the Battle of Cross Keys. During the late summer, as a part of the Army of Virginia, the 73rd OVI fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSmith assumed brigade command in the XI Corps on October 25, 1862, but he did not participate in the Battle of Chancellorsville. He returned to his command shortly before the Gettysburg Campaign, after Brig. Gen. Francis C. Barlow, who had led the brigade at Chancellorsville, was given command of the 1st Division on May 24, 1863. Smith's men held Cemetery Hill on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg at the orders of MG Oliver O. Howard, and provided an anchor for the retreating Federal soldiers. On the second day, three of Smith's regiments were engaged in heavy skirmishing in front of Cemetery Hill, and the 33rd \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/massachusetts\"\u003eMassachusetts\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e, deployed between East Cemetery Hill and a knoll on the McKnight farm, helped repulse an evening attack by Col. Isaac E. Avery's North Carolina brigade.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSmith's Brigade was sent to the Western Theater in the autumn of 1863 along with the rest of the XI Corps. During the Chattanooga Campaign, Smith led his brigade in the Army of the Cumberland in a successful bayonet assault up a steep hill that now bears his name (Smith's Hill) during the Battle of Wauhatchie. In the army reorganization later that year, his brigade was disbanded and Smith returned on January 3, 1864 to the command of the 73rd OVI. He resigned his colonelcy on February 17, 1864. In the omnibus promotions at the close of the Civil War, Smith was appointed a brevet brigadier general dating from March 13, 1865.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eAfter the war, he returned to his career as a railroad officer and became President of the Cincinnati, Washington and Baltimore Railroad and later, First Vice President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. From 1884 to 1899 he was President of the Columbus and Cincinnati Midland Railroad.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSmith died in \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/chicago-illinois\"\u003eChicago, Illinois\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e. He is buried in Green Lawn Cemetery in \u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/ghostsofwallstreet.com\/collections\/columbus-ohio\"\u003eColumbus, Ohio\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e.\u003c\/p\u003e"}

Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company (Signed by Orland Smith)

$25.00
Maximum quantity available reached.
Stock Number: 709
Product Details

Beautifully engraved antique bond certificate from the Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company dating back to the 1890's. This document, which is signed by the company President and Secretary, was printed by the Homer Lee Bank Note Company, and measures approximately 9 3/4" (w) by 14 1/2" (h).

The vignette features a train steaming past another. 

Images
The images presented are representative of the piece(s) you will receive. When representative images are presented for one of our offerings, you will receive a certificate in similar condition as the one pictured; however dating, denomination, certificate number and issuance details may vary.
    Historical Context

    The Fairmont, Morgantown and Pittsburgh Railroad Company was incorporated in West Virginia on December 10, 1883 to construct a railroad from Morgantown.

    The railroad, apparently backed from the start by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), was created to extend the B&O's line from Fairmont to Morgantown, and also to connect with the B&O line at Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Construction of the route was delayed by legal disagreements with the West Virginia & Pittsburgh Railroad over right of way rights -- in 1884 at Fairmont, and later at Point Marion and along the Cheat River, where there was room for only one railroad.

    The railroad line was finally opened to South Morgantown by January 30, 1886, and to Morgantown a few days later, but by this time the railroad was operated and controlled by the B&O. The extension of the railroad from Morgantown to Uniontown, on which grading began in the spring of 1892, was practically completed early in 1894; and after some delay occasioned by the bridge across Cheat River at Point Mason, was opened to traffic the following summer -- soon resulting in the opening of many new coal mining operations in the Fairmont Coal Field and Monongalia County.

    Orland Smith

     

     


    Orland Smith's Signature on Verso

     

    Orland Smith (May 2, 1825 – October 3, 1903) was a railroad executive and a brigade commander in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1864, he led a spirited bayonet charge during the Battle of Wauhatchie that took a significant Confederate position on a hill that now bears his name.

    Smith was born in New England in Lewiston, Maine. He was educated in the local schools and became a railroad agent, serving as station manager at Lewiston until 1852 when he moved to Ohio. He became an official of the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad and settled in Chillicothe, Ohio. When the railroad fell into financial difficulties, he was appointed receiver. Smith was a lieutenant and commander of a militia company known as the "Chillicothe Greys."

    With the outbreak of the Civil War, Smith joined the Union army and became the colonel of the 73rd Ohio Infantry, a regiment that was raised in Chillicothe in November 1861 and trained at nearby Camp Logan. Among his volunteer soldiers was Pvt. George Nixon III, the great-grandfather of future President Richard Nixon. Smith and his regiment saw action in western Virginia, fighting at the Battle of McDowell and the Battle of Cross Keys. During the late summer, as a part of the Army of Virginia, the 73rd OVI fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia.

    Smith assumed brigade command in the XI Corps on October 25, 1862, but he did not participate in the Battle of Chancellorsville. He returned to his command shortly before the Gettysburg Campaign, after Brig. Gen. Francis C. Barlow, who had led the brigade at Chancellorsville, was given command of the 1st Division on May 24, 1863. Smith's men held Cemetery Hill on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg at the orders of MG Oliver O. Howard, and provided an anchor for the retreating Federal soldiers. On the second day, three of Smith's regiments were engaged in heavy skirmishing in front of Cemetery Hill, and the 33rd Massachusetts, deployed between East Cemetery Hill and a knoll on the McKnight farm, helped repulse an evening attack by Col. Isaac E. Avery's North Carolina brigade.

    Smith's Brigade was sent to the Western Theater in the autumn of 1863 along with the rest of the XI Corps. During the Chattanooga Campaign, Smith led his brigade in the Army of the Cumberland in a successful bayonet assault up a steep hill that now bears his name (Smith's Hill) during the Battle of Wauhatchie. In the army reorganization later that year, his brigade was disbanded and Smith returned on January 3, 1864 to the command of the 73rd OVI. He resigned his colonelcy on February 17, 1864. In the omnibus promotions at the close of the Civil War, Smith was appointed a brevet brigadier general dating from March 13, 1865.

    After the war, he returned to his career as a railroad officer and became President of the Cincinnati, Washington and Baltimore Railroad and later, First Vice President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. From 1884 to 1899 he was President of the Columbus and Cincinnati Midland Railroad.

    Smith died in Chicago, Illinois. He is buried in Green Lawn Cemetery in Columbus, Ohio.

    You may also like...