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Cincinnati & Chicago Rail Road Company Signed by Caleb Blood Smith


Product Details


Beautifully engraved antique stock certificate from the Cincinnati & Chicago Rail Road Company dating back to the 1850's. This document, which is signed by the company President and Secretary, was printed by Danforth, Wright  & Co. and measures approximately 10" (w) by 6 7/8" (h). 


This piece features a trio of vignettes - a train going under a bridge at the top, and the Liberty Allegory and Ben Franklin at the left side.


You will receive the exact certificate pictured.

    Historical Context

    The Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad was formed on October 10, 1854 by merging lines between Cincinnati & Richmond and between Richmond & Logansport. It completed the route on July 4, 1857.


    But the Panic of 1857 caused it to be sold at foreclosure and reorganized on July 10, 1860, as the Cincinnati and Chicago Air-Line Railroad.


    Caleb Blood Smith

    Caleb Blood Smith's Signature

    Born on April 16, 1808, in Boston, Massachusetts, Smith moved with his parents to Ohio in 1814.  He attended Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, from 1825 to 1826, Cincinnati College (now the University of Cincinnati) and read law in 1828. He entered private practice in Connersville, Fayette County, Indiana, from 1828 to 1843. He was founder and editor of the Indiana Sentinel in 1832. He was a member of the Indiana House of Representatives from 1832 to 1837, and from 1840 to 1841, serving as Speaker in 1836. He was Commissioner to collect assets and adjust debts for Indiana in 1837.

    Smith was an unsuccessful candidate for the 27th United States Congress in 1841. He was elected as a Whig from Indiana's 4th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 28th, 29th and 30th United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1843, to March 3, 1849. He was Chairman of the Committee on Territories for the 30th United States Congress.

    Smith was appointed by President Zachary Taylor to serve as a member of the board of commissioners to adjust claims against Mexico from 1849 to 1851. He resumed private practice in Cincinnati, Ohio, from 1851 to 1859. He was a member of the Peace Convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending American Civil War. He was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to serve as the 6th United States Secretary of the Interior from March 5, 1861, to January 1, 1863. However, Smith had little interest in the job and, with declining health, delegated most of his responsibilities to Assistant Secretary of the Interior John Palmer Usher. When Lincoln showed the draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet, the conservative Smith considered resignation upon its public announcement, but accepted the decision in the end.

    Smith was nominated by President Abraham Lincoln on December 16, 1862, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Indiana vacated by Judge Elisha Mills Huntington. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 22, 1862, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on January 7, 1864, due to his death in Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana. He was interred in Connersville City Cemetery.