Junction Railroad

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    The Junction Railroad was incorporated on February 18, 1848, in Ohio, and March 8, 1849, in Indiana. Construction started in September of 1853 on the 19.5-mile mainline between Hamilton, Oxford and College Corner at the Ohio-Indiana line.

    An engineering challenge was bridging the Great Miami River and climbing the steep Rossville hill (between present South C and South D streets). In 1853 John S. Earhart designed a high bridge about 700 feet in length and a 665-foot, 17-arch viaduct, known as the Arches.

    On June 4, 1859, the railroad opened between Hamilton and Oxford. It was completed to Connersville in 1866 and reached Indianapolis in 1869.

    The Junction was sold to the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad and renamed the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Indianapolis (CH&I). On August 1, 1902, the CH&I combined with the Indiana, Decatur & Western (extending to Springfield, Illinois) under a new name, the Cincinnati, Indianapolis & Western (CI&W).

    In 1917, the CH&D, the CI&W were purchased by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. It later became part of the Chessie System and CSX.

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    Junction Rail Road Company Stock Certificate
    Junction Rail Road Company Stock Certificate
    Junction Rail Road Company
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